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How To Adopt A Homeless Child
Adoption is a process where people can take up the responsibility of raising children that do not have any parents; legal procedures give foster parents the right to care for these children. Homeless children are those children that do not have any family; they form the majority of adopted children.
The processes for adopting children vary from country to country, people wanting to adopt must go through lengthy and rigorous procedures that test their parenting skills to ensure that they will be ideal parents. For many years, adoption was considered as a social taboo in India, but recently there has been an increase in the number of adoptions by Indian parents.
Some Bollywood celebrities, an example being Sushmita Sen, have chosen to adopt therefore challenging these prejudices. The Indian government permits the adoption of children by Indian citizens; NRI’s and foreign parents, all three segments of adoptive parents are expected to abide by certain rules and guidelines. For example Indian law permits only single females or married couples to adopt, but does not consider single males as eligible to adopt-he may adopt only a single male child if he goes through a registered agency.
Legal procedures require that the adoptive parents should be financially and medically fit in order to adopt and must be above 21 years of age. Legally there is no final age limit for adoption, but there are many agencies set their own age bar. When adopting a child less than a year old, the parents must have a combined age of at least 90 years and they must not be older than 45 years.
If the child is a little older, agencies will not be as stringent with the age specifications required of the adoptive parents. Under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance act of 1956, single or married parents can adopt not more than one child of the same sex-this law is applicable to Indian citizens who are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists. The Guardians and Wards Act of 1890 permits Indian nationals who are Jewish, Christian, Parsi, Muslim, NRI’s and foreign citizens permits these prospective parents to adopt children who have attained the age of 18 years.
Foreign citizens and NRI’s are expected to abide by the adoption procedures of their respective countries of residence within two years after adopting the child. The Juvenile Justice act of 2000 deals with non-Hindu adoptive parents who wish to adopt abandoned of abused children.
Adoptive parents are given the right to ask for children who suit their preferences, these preferences may include certain age group, gender, religion, health conditions, special features etc and depending on these specifications, children are scrutinized until the desired child has been found. Usually adoption processes take months to complete.
Many steps have been taken to make the adoption process easy in India, one step in the creation of a website that acts as a database that shows adoptable children and the agencies under which they are registered. This is known as the Central Adoption Resources and Guidance System (CARINGS), CARINGS was launched by Krishna Tirath, the Minister for Women and Child Development, through which prospective parents can have easy access to lists that contain adoptable children as well as their health status, photographs, conditions under which they were given for adoption.
The system is also designed to register parents and help them to find a suitable match; it also shows a list of prospective parents and their application status-all done in order to facilitate the adoption process. The government has also taken measures to improve and speed up the adoption process, for example, adoption agencies must sign a Memoranda of Understandings therefore registering then under the government, failing which will result in the termination of their licenses.
Steps In The Adoption Process
Pre-Adoption Process For Family
This step involves a home study by the family under the guidance of an adoption agency, where and agent makes an assessment of the family members and only after they have been approved, they are permitted to adopt from a CARA (Central Adoption Resource Agency of India) approved agency.
Release For Adoption And Matching
CARA then tries to find a suitable adoptive family that has legal permission to adopt. If no such match has been found within 30 days, CARA gives a clearance certificate to the parents who are chosen from a list of adoptive parents.
If the child’s parents live abroad, the parents take the clearance certificate and then follow the next step that is, filing for court petition.
When a suitable parent-child match has been found, the parents then request for legal guardianship of the child by signing the necessary paperwork. The Indian adoption agency also prepares a passport; if the child’s adoptive parents are foreign citizens.
This is the final step that assesses the child after he has settled in with his new family; this is done to ensure that the child is happy with his new parents. Adoptive parents can take the child only after all necessary paperwork has been completed and accepted. In India, adoptive parents are obliged by law, to submit post-adoption reports. During the first two years, a social worker prepares these reports on a quarterly basis; it then becomes the responsibility of the parents to submit these reports.
When registering with adoption agencies, adoptive parents must only choose from a list of government approved agencies which CARA publishes every year or so, which can be accessed on their website www.adoptionindia.nic.in. It not recommended registering with many agencies as it delays the procedure. CARA also recommends that adoptive parents should maintain all correspondence with the agency in writing.
The adoptive parents should also get medical advice about the child before adoption, and that adoption agencies should also provide post adoption counseling to help both parent and child to overcome adjustment and other issues. It is also important to adopt through authorized agencies and to avoid illegal deals, which although maybe faster, may result in imprisonment and losing the child in the end.