Scientifically Natural Skin Care

A 101-Guide To Acne: Causes, Types, & How To Get Rid Of Them

What is Acne, Different Types & Remedies on How To Prevent Acne

Acne can hinder your journey towards achieving healthy skin. Each and every one of us has dealt with acne at some point in time. Using the right products for acne can go a long way in healing and protecting your skin. Apart from this, you can always follow certain skin care tips for acne and a healthy diet. But before we get into the remedies, it’s crucial to understand acne better. From the different types of acne to acne treatment, here’s a detailed guide that covers everything you need to know about acne. 

What is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your pores get clogged due to dead skin cells, oil, dirt, and grime build-up. It affects people across all age groups, especially teenagers. Acne typically develops on the chest, upper back, shoulders, and face.

Different Types of Acne

There are different types of acne you need to know about. Each type has its own set of acne symptoms and each should be tackled differently.

Read on to find more about the major types of acne. 

Type 1 – Blackheads

When open pores on your skin get blocked with dirt and grime, these accumulations oxidise to create a darker colour in that spot and that’s how a blackhead or an open comedone is formed. 

Type 2 – Whiteheads

When oil, dirt, and dead skin cells get trapped within a closed pore a whitehead or a closed comedone is formed. 

Type 3 – Cysts

Cysts are nothing but pus-filled pimples. This type of acne often causes acne scarring. They usually have a smooth surface and develop slowly. 

Type 4 – Nodules

Unlike cysts, nodules are large and painful. These develop deep within the skin and appear on the skin surface as a reddish or brownish bump. 

Type 5 – Papules

Papules are skin lesions that occur when small bumps become inflamed. It’s caused by excessive oil on the skin, bacteria, or hormonal changes. 

Type 6 – Pustules

Like cysts, pustules are also pus-filled pimples. They have the appearance of a whitehead encircled by red rings. They may leave scars if you pick or scratch them.

Type 7 – Fungal Acne

Excessive development of yeast in your pores can lead to fungal acne. This type causes a lot of itching and inflammation. 

Causes of Acne

What causes pimples on the face, you ask? There are many reasons that can lead to acne and knowing these reasons are very important if you want to bid adieu to acne. Here are some of the major causes of acne that you should know about. 

  • Touching your skin too often, that too with unclean hands.

  • Picking or popping pimples – this will only worsen the situation and cause scarring. 

  • Environmental stressors, stress, and pollution.

  • Using oil-based skincare products.

  • Genetics.

  • Certain skin conditions and medications.

How to Get Rid of Acne With Skincare Products

Following a well-thought-out skincare routine, steering clear of habits that ruin your skin, and using the right skincare products can really help you get rid of acne. But choosing the right products is a task in itself – given the variety and the big promises the products make. However, you have no reason to worry, St.Botanica brings to you some effective products that will heal and protect your skin from acne. These products deliver results as promised.

St.Botanica Recommends Vitamin C Foaming Brightening Face Wash, 120ml

St.Botanica Vitamin C Foaming Brightening Face Wash gently cleanses all the stubborn dirt and oil from the surface of your skin, leaving it fresh and acne-free. Enriched with Vitamin C, Aloe Vera, Turmeric, Licorice Extracts, Cypress Essential Oil, and Glycerin this face wash targets hyperpigmentation and dark spots, leaving you with an even-toned complexion. The mild formula effectively and efficiently brightens and nourishes the skin. 

St.Botanica Recommends Australian Tea Tree Anti Acne Face Toner, 150 ml

St.Botanica Australian Tea Tree Anti Acne Face Toner tightens your pores and soothes any irritation. It is suitable for oily and acne-prone skin. This face toner helps replenish and rejuvenate the skin with the power of Tea Tree Oil, Witch Hazel, Neem, White Bark, Cucumber, Green Tea, and Lavender Essential Oil. Consistent use of this toner helps in regulating the oil production on your skin and prevents breakouts.

St.Botanica Recommends BHA Salicylic Acid 1% + Hyaluronic Acid 0.5% Clarifying Face Serum, 20ml

St.Botanica BHA Salicylic Acid 1% + Hyaluronic Acid 0.5% Clarifying Face Serum is best known to unclog pores by exfoliating the skin. It is well-suited to prevent and treat mild acne, blackheads, and whiteheads. This face serum penetrates deep into the skin to dissolve impurities from within. Packed with the goodness of Salicylic Acid, Hyaluronic Acid, Aloe Vera, Pro-Vitamin B5, and Vitamin E this serum controls excess sebum production, keeps acne at bay, and offers intensive hydration to your skin – all at once. 

St.Botanica Recommends Vitamin C, E & Hyaluronic Acid Brightening Face Scrub, 50g

St.Botanica Vitamin C, E & Hyaluronic Acid Brightening Face Scrub is a potent blend of beneficial components like Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Hyaluronic Acid, and essential oils. It helps reduce the appearance of dark spots and pigmentation. This antioxidant-rich face scrub helps clear pores as well as reduce the occurrence of acne, blackheads and whiteheads. It removes excess oil, dead skin cells, and other impurities – gently. 

St.Botanica Recommends Activated Charcoal 3 In 1 Clay Mask, 100g

St.Botanica Activated Charcoal 3 In 1 Clay Mask draws out impurities and excess oil from the skin. Packed with the goodness of Activated Charcoal, Bentonite Clay, Kaolin Clay, Green Tea, Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Goji Berry, and Ginseng Root this face mask keeps the skin hydrated, soft, nourished, and radiant. It thoroughly cleanses the pores and detoxifies the skin. The clarifying effect of the mask assists in removing acne, blackheads and whiteheads. Natural skin conditioning ingredients in the mask supply external hydration to the skin and restore your skin’s natural oil balance. 

St.Botanica Recommends Neem, Tea Tree & Basil Anti Acne Face Gel, 50g

St.Botanica Neem, Tea Tree & Basil Anti Acne Face Gel helps clear the skin and eliminate impurities. This night cream/gel is enriched with the power of Neem, Tea Tree Oil, Basil, Turmeric, Basil, Turmeric, Rose Water, Vitamin E, White Tea, and Sea Weed. It soothes the skin, leaving it soft and supple. This gel effectively fights acne-causing bacteria and nourishes your skin from within. The potent ingredients shield your skin from various environmental stressors and reduce the visible signs of ageing considerably. 

St.Botanica Recommends Vitamin C Brightening Day Cream With SPF 25, 50 g

St.Botanica Vitamin C Brightening Day Cream With SPF 25 is a nourishing day cream enriched with Vitamin C, Aloe Vera, Jojoba Oil, Coconut Oil, Almond Oil, Green Tea Extract, Vitamin E, and Pomegranate Extract. It brightens your skin tone along with providing broad spectrum sun protection. This brightening cream deeply penetrates into your skin to help reduce dark spots and blemishes. Along with its acne-fighting abilities, this sun protection cream also boosts the skin’s collagen production.

How To Get Rid Of Acne – Common Home Remedies

Apart from using the right face care products you can also rely on certain home remedies to help you get rid of acne. Here are some effective remedies to help you achieve healthy skin at home. 

Spot Treatment With Tea Tree Oil

After washing your face, gently apply some tea tree oil on your acne before you use a moisturiser. Apply the essential oil twice or thrice daily for noticeable results. 

Aloe Vera

Opt for freshly extracted aloe vera gel (or the packaged ones) to moisturise your skin daily. The antioxidant and anti-microbial properties of aloe vera will expedite the healing process. 


The antioxidants present in honey clear clogged pores and heal acne faster. Apply some honey to your skin and leave it on for about 15-20 minutes. Wash your face with lukewarm water afterwards. You can also add honey to your DIY face mask.

How to Prevent Acne?

Following healthy skin care habits will answer your query on how to prevent acne & can keep acne at bay. Here are simple acne prevention tips to keep your skin healthy. 

  • Don’t pop your pimples or touch your skin unnecessarily. 

  • Use non-comedogenic products.

  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking two to three litres of water daily.

  • Choose products that are compatible with your skin type. 

  • Consume a balanced diet as it will provide your body with all the nutrients it needs to maintain healthy skin.

  • Cut down on processed foods and sugary drinks. 

  • Cleanse your skin properly and remove makeup before you go to bed. 

  • Never step out without slathering on some sunscreen


Now that the causes of acne are clear to you, it’s time to plan a tailormade skincare routine that works best for your skin. Healthy skincare habits can go a long way to prevent acne. So, don’t forget to treat your skin gently and choose the right products too. 

FAQs on What is Acne & How To Get Rid Of Acne

How to stop pimples coming on face?

To stop pimples, you need to follow a dedicated skincare regimen and use products that work well for your skin type. Along with a great skincare routine, one should also consume a healthy diet. In case of severe acne, you should consult a dermatologist. 

What causes acne on cheeks?

Acne on cheeks can be caused due to dirty phone screens, rubbing against pillowcases, hormonal changes, or makeup clogging your pores. 

Which foods cause pimples?

Junk food, refined grains, and sugar commonly cause pimples. These foods increase blood sugar and insulin levels, thus increasing sebum production and leading to the occurrence of acne. 


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